Research Interests and Publications
How do we pursue long-term goals? What are the cognitive and motivational processes that contribute to our success or failure, and how do those processes interact at the neural level? The central aim of the research in Dr. Berkman’s Social and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory is to understand how Knowledge from psychology and neuroscience can inform interventions to improve goal outcomes. To achieve this aim, his work combines the distinct strengths of several research methods including functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), cross-sectional and longitudinal survey methods, and laboratory experiments. Examples of his research include fMRI studies of basic goal-relevant processes such as self-regulation and inhibitory control, experimental studies on how value and motivation relate to goal outcomes, and longitudinal studies on real-world goals such as smoking cessation and dieting. For further information, please visit Dr. Berkman’s website.
Recent representative publications:
Berkman, E.T., Livingston, J.L., & Kahn, L.E. (in press). Finding the "self" in self-regulation: The identity-value model. Psychological Inquiry.
Berkman, E.T., Hutcherson, C.A., Livingston, J.L., Kahn, L.E., & Inzlicht, M. (in press). Self-control as value-based choice. Current Directions in Psychological Science.
DeStasio, K.L., Hill, A.P., & Berkman, E.T. (in press). Efficacy of an SMS-based smoking intervention using message self-authorship: A pilot study. Journal of Smoking Cessation.
Beauchamp, K.G., Kahn, L.E., & Berkman, E.T. (2016). Does inhibitory control training transfer? Behavioral and neural effects on an untrained emotion regulation task. Social Cognition & Affective Neuroscience, 11, 1374-1382.
Calcott, R.D., & Berkman, E.T. (2015). Neural correlates of attentional flexibility during approach and avoidance motivation. PLoS ONE, 10, e0127203-19.
Giuliani, N.R., Tomiyama, A.J., Mann, T., & Berkman, E.T. (2015). Prediction of daily food intake as a function of measurement modality and restriction status. Psychosomatic Medicine, 77, 583-590.
Giuliani, N.R., Mann, T., Tomiyama, A.J., & Berkman, E.T. (2014). Neural systems underlying the reappraisal of personally-craved foods. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 26(7), 1390-1402.
Calcott, R.D. & Berkman, E.T. (2014). Attentional flexibility during approach and avoidance motivational states: The role of context in shifts of attentional breadth. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143(3), 1393-1408.
Berkman, E.T., Kahn, L.E., & Merchant, J.S. (2014). Training-induced changes in inhibitory control network activity. Journal of Neuroscience, 34(1), 149-157.
Berkman, E.T. & Falk, E.B. (2013). Beyond brain mapping: Using the brain to predict real-world outcomes. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(1), 45-50.
Berkman, E.T., Graham, A.M., & Fisher, P.A. (2012). Training self-control: A domain-general translational neuroscience approach. Child Development Perspectives, 6(4), 374-384.
Falk, E.B., Berkman, E.T., & Lieberman, M.D. (2012). From neural responses to population behavior: Neural focus group predicts population-level media effects. Psychological Science, 23(5), 439-445.
Berkman, E.T., Falk, E.B., & Lieberman, M.D. (2011). In the trenches of real-world self-control: Neural correlates of breaking the link between craving and smoking. Psychological Science, 22(4), 498-506.
See a complete list of Dr. Berkman's publications at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/myncbi/browse/collection/0864077