Research Interests and Publications
How do we pursue long-term goals such as dieting and exercise? What are the cognitive and motivational processes that contribute to our success or failure, and how do those processes interact at the neural level? The central aim of the research in Dr. Berkman’s Social and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory is to understand how knowledge from psychology and neuroscience can inform interventions to improve goal outcomes. To achieve this aim, his work combines the distinct strengths of several research methods including functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), cross-sectional and longitudinal survey methods, and laboratory and translational experiments. Examples of his research include fMRI studies of basic goal-relevant processes such as self-regulation and inhibitory control, experimental studies on how value and motivation relate to goal outcomes, and longitudinal studies on real-world goals such as smoking cessation, eating, and physical activity. For further information, please visit Dr. Berkman’s website.
Recent representative publications:
Berkman, E.T. (2018). Value-based choice: An integrative, neuroscience-informed model of health goals. Psychology & Health, 33, 40-57.
Cosme, D., Mobasser, A., Zeithamova, D., Berkman, E.T., & Pfeifer, J.H. (2018). Choosing to regulate: Does choice enhance craving regulation? Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 13, 300-309.
DeStasio, K.L., Hill, A.P., & Berkman, E.T. (2018). Efficacy of an SMS-based smoking intervention using message self-authorship: A pilot study. Journal of Smoking Cessation, 13, 55-58.
Ludwig, R.M., Srivastava, S., & Berkman, E.T. (2018). Planfulness: A process-focused construct of individual differences in goal achievement. Collabra, 4, 28.
Pfeifer, J.H., & Berkman, E.T. (2018). Self and identity development in adolescence: Neural evidence and implications for a value-based choice perspective on motivated behavior. Child Development Perspectives, 12, 158-164.
Berkman, E.T., Livingston, J.L., & Kahn, L.E. (2017). Finding the "self" in self-regulation: The identity-value model. Psychological Inquiry, 28, 77-98.
Berkman, E.T., Hutcherson, C.A., Livingston, J.L., Kahn, L.E., & Inzlicht, M. (2017). Self-control as value-based choice. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 26, 422-428.
Beauchamp, K.G., Kahn, L.E., & Berkman, E.T. (2016). Does inhibitory control training transfer? Behavioral and neural effects on an untrained emotion regulation task. Social Cognition & Affective Neuroscience, 11, 1374-1382.
Calcott, R.D., & Berkman, E.T. (2015). Neural correlates of attentional flexibility during approach and avoidance motivation. PLoS ONE, 10, e0127203-19.
Giuliani, N.R., Mann, T., Tomiyama, A.J., & Berkman, E.T. (2014). Neural systems underlying the reappraisal of personally-craved foods. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 26(7), 1390-1402.
Calcott, R.D. & Berkman, E.T. (2014). Attentional flexibility during approach and avoidance motivational states: The role of context in shifts of attentional breadth. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143(3), 1393-1408.
Berkman, E.T., Kahn, L.E., & Merchant, J.S. (2014). Training-induced changes in inhibitory control network activity. Journal of Neuroscience, 34(1), 149-157.
Berkman, E.T. & Falk, E.B. (2013). Beyond brain mapping: Using the brain to predict real-world outcomes. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(1), 45-50.
See a complete list of Dr. Berkman's publications at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/myncbi/browse/collection/0864077